Hysteroscopy, is a surgical procedure to examine the uterine lining. This procedure can assist in the diagnosis of various uterine conditions which can cause infertility, like: submucous (internal) fibroids, scarring (adhesions), endometrial polyps, uterine septa and other congenital malformations. Operative hysteroscopy is used to correct pathology on ovaries, tubes or other matters associated to infertility.

Before performing hysteroscopy, a hysterosalpingogram (an x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes) may be performed to provide additional information about the cavity which can be useful during surgery.