Some couples consider sperm freezing(cryopreservation), if they anticipate collection difficulties. In some cases, it is useful for men whose occupations either require them to travel extensively, or exposes them to an environment that potentially affects sperm viability.

Men about to undergo a vasectomy or a medical treatment that is expected to make them sterile (such as some forms of cancer treatment), can freeze their sperm before starting treatment, with the aim of using it to achieve a pregnancy with their partner in the future.